Abiotic factors are the nonliving factors of an organism's environment. It may be of chemical or physical.
Taiga is the world's largest biome. It is also known as the boreal forests or northern coniferous forest or Cold Climate Forest".
Taiga or the boreal forests lie south of Tundra in the northern hemisphere. It covers a large portion of Canada, Alaska and Eurasia. The taiga biome is located between the Tundra biome in the north and the temperate grassland biome in the south.
The abiotic factors of the taiga biome include temperature, sunlight, soil, air, water etc.
The taiga climate is dominated by cold arctic air. During the summer, the taiga receives more light and thus leads to hotter days. Six months out of the year the temperatures in the Taiga are below freezing, so therefore the winters are very cold and very snowy. The summer and winter are the prime seasons of the Taiga, for the autumn and spring are so short it is hardly noticeable.
Temperature:The temperature is warmer than in tundra, due to this the Taiga lacks permafrost. Six months out of the year the temperatures in the Taiga are below freezing, so therefore the winters are very cold and very snowy.
Rainfall: The southern parts of Taiga have a rainfall of about 35 to 40 cm per year. Taiga has low evaporation rate and has frequent fog that results in wet conditions.
Soil:Soil is saturated with water and is acidic. The soil is low in nutrients, and is more fertile in lowland areas. A number of crops such as wheat, barley, oats, and canola are grown in the taiga regions.